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The famous ruins of the Heidelberger Schloss (Heidelberg Castle) overlook the Old Town. © Heidelberg Marketing

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Romanesque period

Early medieval architecture

The Romanesque period is considered the first great European epoch of art after the fall of the Roman Empire and spread from the 11th to the 13th century. Romanesque monuments can be easily identified: round arches in conjunction with bulky-appearing stone masses in thick, fortress-like walls belong to the most distinctive stylistic features of the period.

The period of art that follows the Romanesque is the Gothic style with its characteristic pointed arches. It is for this reason that monuments of the transitional period often combine both arch features in one piece of architecture.

As exemplified by the Mainzer Dom (Mainz Cathedral), Romanesque church architecture in its size and powerfulness represents the omnipotence of God and the strength of Christianity. Furthermore, even the oldest secular buildings of the Romanesque period can be found in our cities, such as the Dreikönigshaus (House of the three Magi) in Trier or the Steinwerke (Stone Works) in Osnabrück.

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