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Wiesbaden: Hessian State Theatre © HHoG/ Takano

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Wiesbaden

"A poet's dream of a region..."

is how Heinrich von Kleist once described Wiesbaden and its charming environs along the Rhine River. The city received its descriptive name, literally "bathing in the fields" from the Franks in 829.

Long before this group, though, the thermal waters were discovered by the Romans. They found these steaming pools had healing effects on them, and the ancient attraction still remains. It began to develop as a resort town in the early nineteenth century, and the European aristocracy came in droves.

The presence, prestige and influence of the cultural elite helped develop an extensive calendar of cultural events (many surviving to this day) and the magnificent structures built to house them. Casinos became popular in Wiesbaden to entertain the royalty, nobility and intellectual elite between dips in the baths and it quickly became one of the leading spa destinations in Europe.

The Heidenmauer (Heathens' Wall) is the city’s oldest structure from Roman times and is found next to the Römertor (Roman Gate). It was part of a Roman stronghold dating back to 240 - 260 A.D. built to ward off attacks from the Germanic tribes. The "Römertor" was built in 1902 with a covered wooden bridge. In the Römisches Freilichtmuseum (Roman Open-Air Museum), next to the "Römertor", there are copies of stone tablets found in Wiesbaden from the Roman era. In the Museum Wiesbaden (Wiesbaden Museum), an extensively renovated art collection and exhibit focuses on the “Roman Era and the Early Middle Ages.”

The Old Town, once encircled by a city wall, lends itself to strolls through its narrow, twisting alleys lined with houses dating back to the 18th and 19th centuries. Perhaps the most impressive area is the district around the “new” Kurhaus, the massive and magnificent Wilhelminian structure that opened in 1907. The neoclassical structure is awe-inspiring with its massive dome and rich adornments, also housing the ornate Casino. Try your luck at the famed casino, where roulette, blackjack and poker are the primary games of choice and visitors can tour or even take lessons.

And, of course, you can’t leave Wiesbaden without experiencing the thermal baths as the Romans did. The Kaiser-Friedrich-Therme (Kaiser Friedrich Thermal Baths), erected in 1913, re-opened to the public in 1999 after extensive restorations. This historic thermal bath is heated by the "Adlerquelle" (Eagle Spring), a hot spring with a temperature of 66°C.

Lutheran Church, Wiesbaden

Russian Church

Neroberg Mountain

At 245 meters, the Wiesbaden Neroberg (Neroberg Mountain) is a fairly small "mountain" - but it is an experience in itself. Besides promising lots of recreational fun with the "Opelbad" (open air pool), the "Walderlebnispfad" (forest adventure trail) and the "Kletterwald" (climbing forest), Neroberg Mountain offers above all a fabulous view of the city. Especially during the summer months the rich gastronomic offer makes it an oasis for those who are seeking relaxation. 

Neroberg Mountain can be reached on a forest trail by foot, by car or by "railway". A ride with the historic "Nerobergbahn" (Neroberg Mountain Railway) is like a journey into the past. Since 1888 the carriages have moved up and down the mountain with 7.3 kilometers per hour driven by water ballast. The ingenious technology still enthuses the passengers today, just like it had done in the past. The downhill carriage is filled with up to 7,000 liters of water and pulls the second carriage uphill during its downward descent. When the downhill carriage arrives at the bottom, the water is let off and pumped uphill once again. Both carriages are connected with a 452 meter long steel cable. The Neroberg Mountain Railway is considered to be a monument of technical culture.

Further information

Villa Clementine

Wiesbaden City Palace

Hessian State Theater, Wiesbaden

Palace Square

Palace for the Heir to the Throne

Old Town

Map of Germany


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Top Tip: Neroberg Mountain Railway

Since 1888 the carriages have moved up and down the mountain with 7.3 kilometers per hour driven by water ballast and therefore carbon neutral.