A cradle of western culture: art, society and science all found their bearings in one of the cities where the European Renaissance began.
Augsburg was founded in 15 B.C. under the rule of Roman Emperor Augustus. For 400 years the city used to be the seat of a provincial government of the Roman Empire. Its ideal location made it a crossroad of all important trade routes to the south, from which powerful merchants and bankers like the Fugger family and the seafaring Welsers benefited. They elevated Augsburg to rank among the world's most powerful cities. Kings and emperors were frequent guests here.