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Augsburg´s St. Anna Church features valuable paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder © Regio Augsburg Tourismus GmbH

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World-famous composers in the annals of our cities

Germany is known as a land of great composers. Their works can be heard around the world - and not least of all in concert halls, churches and cathedrals throughout Germany's historic cities.

Significant musical history was written by Johann Sebastian Bach. His family lived for years in Erfurt. This composer from the period of Baroque is recalled by a tour called "Following Bach through the City". Every year, Erfurt also hosts the "Thüringische Bachwochen" (Thuringian Bach Weeks) - an excellent tradition that offers much for music lovers.

Brahms composed his "Third Symphony" in Wiesbaden, and Wagner worked on his opera "Die Meistersinger of Nürnberg" (The Mastersingers of Nuremberg) in a nearby villa on the Rhine River.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart also has roots in Germany's Historic Highlights cities. His father, Leopold Mozart, was born in Augsburg in a house that is still standing and houses a museum.

Although Bonn, just to the north, is better known as the birthplace of Ludwig von Beethoven, the world's largest private Beethoven exhibition is in Koblenz. It was in the house at Wambachstrasse 204 that the composer's mother, Maria Magdelena, was born in 1746. Today, the "Mutter-Beethoven-Haus" (Mother-Beethoven-House) also houses documents and letters of cultural figures of the period.

Richard Wagner:
The composer and his mastersingers

Richard Wagner’s opera “Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg” (The Mastersingers of Nuremberg) drew its material from the German music history and refers to the minnesang of the so-called “Meistersinger” (mastersingers).

Wagner offered one draft of the opera to his publisher Franz Schott in Mainz who asked him to complete the work. In order to be able to compose in peace, he moved into the country house “Villa Annica” at the bank of the Rhine river in Wiesbaden-Biebrich. From the large living room, he was able to see the baroque “Schloss Biebrich” (Biebrich Castle) and from the balcony room he enjoyed a wonderful view across the Rhine and the towers of Mainz Cathedral in the distance. The visits to the casino and to the theater in Wiesbaden were a welcome change for him. The overture of the “Meistersinger” was finally created.

Schott Music was founded in 1770 and is now one of the world’s leading music publishers. The headquarters have been in Mainz since the company’s foundation. Among other things, Schott Music edited the entire compositional work by Richard Wagner which made the publisher reach worldwide recognition.

To this day, the Richard Wagner Park in Wiesbaden represents Wagner’s original plans of creating an opera house there. However, this project was eventually realized in Bayreuth. Wagner also had a significant influence on the local woodwind manufacturer Wilhelm Heckel. He followed the wishes of the composer and built a baritone-oboe for him – the “Heckelphon” became worldfamous . The workshop still exists in Wiesbaden and is one of the oldest woodwind manufacturers ever.

Medieval career with minnesang

Codex Manesse, Heidelberg ©HHOG / TakanoThe 12th century was the great epoque of courtly rituals. Table etiquette and manners were refined. In lyric poetry,minnesang became very popular. The relationship between man and woman that was portrayed in minnesang (minne = love), was totally new back then. One of the most famous minnesingers of that period was Walther von der Vogelweide who worked in Würzburg.

Among the so-called “Meistersinger” (mastersingers) of the Late Middle Ages, Konrad von Würzburg was considered one of the “Twelve old masters” of minnesang. Heinrich von Meißen, called Frauenlob, was one of the most influential German poets of the 13th century. His work is preserved in numerous manuscripts. He was so influential that many imitated his style. He worked at the court of the Archbishop of Mainz and was buried after his death in 1328 in the eastern cloister of Mainz Cathedral.

Frauenlob’s particular merit was the authorship of the Codex Manesse, also known as the “Große Heidelberger Liederhandschrift” (medieval songbook). This is the largest and most famous German song manuscript of the Middle Ages. Since 1888, the manuscript is again preserved in the library of Heidelberg University and one facsimile is constantly presented in the foyer of the library’s second floor.

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Did you know?

Mozart's Inspiration

It would be a mistake to assume that Austria is where the Mozart story is centered. While the story of Mozart's life begins in Salzburg, this is not where his entire story begins. In order to truly understand the rise of a music legend, you must learn about another Mozart, Leopold Mozart - Wolfgang's father. Prior to moving to Salzburg, Leopold was actually raised in Augsburg, Germany.


Did you know?

Celebrating Bach History in Germany

Before settling in Erfurt, the President of the Thuringia Bach Festival, Silvius von Kessel, as the acclaimed Organist and Choir Master for Erfurt Cathedral, studied with Olivier Latry in Paris, the Organist at the world famous Notre Dame Cathedral.