Origins of Christianity in Germany's historic citiesDecember 25th, the day of the winter solstice, used to be a particularly important day in many cultures.
While the Middle East celebrated the birth of the Indian sun god on this day, the Egyptians celebrated the birth of Horus in the Isis cult. The Romans worshiped various gods for more than 1200 years, also foreign deities such as the Egyptian goddess Isis. During excavations in Mainz, remains of an Isis and Magna sacred site were found which were preserved and can be visited. Romans began their celebrations in honor of the invincible sun god Saturn also on December 25th. In addition, the Germanic peoples celebrated their midwinter festival which is still known today in Scandinavia as Yule.